"Jullie bekijken het maar!”: Sociale, cognitieve en contextfactoren in de communicatie tussen jongeren met een licht verstandelijke beperking en hun jeugdzorgwerkers in een orthopedagogisch behandelcentrum

G. Kocken

    Research output: ThesisDoctoral thesis 1 (Research UU / Graduation UU)


    This thesis investigated whether social, cognitive, and contextual factors influence communication between young people with mild intellectual disability and behavioral problems
    (MID/BP youth), and their youth care workers in an orthopedagogical treatment centre.
    The results presented in this dissertation demonstrate that, amongst MID/BP youth,
    many incidents of aggression result from negative treatment by their youth care workers.
    Aggression is a characteristic of MID/BP youth, culminating from other traits such as
    earlier and easier display of emotions (in comparison with average gifted young people),
    weaker executive functions, and problems in the social information processes. Youth care
    workers play an important role in channeling this aggression. To facilitate more effective
    communication with MID/BP youth, training for youth care workers, referred to as ‘The
    Dialogue’, was developed. Although the training has resulted in more subjectively perceived
    competence amongst the youth care workers in their interaction with MID/BP youth, the
    results to date do not indicate any reduction of incidents of aggression. This may be due
    to youth care workers experiencing stress on the work floor due to, amongst other things,
    organizational/non-pedagogical factors, in addition to methodological issues, which in
    turn possibly contribute to their negative interaction with MID/BP youth. The findings of
    this thesis also underline the importance of more generous financing of, and lessening the
    administrative burden on, youth care workers, to enable them to interact more effectively
    with MID/BP youth under ‘The Dialogue’. The conclusion is also a flag to management
    and treatment managers of the orthopedagogical treatment centre to constantly look for
    solutions that deal with miscommunication and stress, to replace the ‘screw you’ attitude
    with ‘looking out for you’
    Original languageDutch
    Awarding Institution
    • Utrecht University
    • Orobio De Castro, B., Primary supervisor
    • van der Molen, M.J., Co-supervisor
    Award date23 Oct 2020
    Print ISBNs978-90-393-7099-5
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2020


    • licht verstandelijke beperking
    • executieve functies
    • sociale-informatieverwerking
    • coping-strategie
    • psychosociale-problematiek
    • dialogisch communiceren
    • stressbeleving
    • agressie
    • gedragsproblemen
    • co-morbiditeit

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