Interleukin-17/interleukin-17 receptor axis elicits intestinal neutrophil migration, restrains gut dysbiosis and lipopolysaccharide translocation in high-fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome model

Malena M Pérez, Larissa M S Martins, Murilo S Dias, Camila A Pereira, Jefferson A Leite, Enrico C S Gonçalves, Paula Z de Almeida, Emanuelle N de Freitas, Rita C Tostes, Simone G Ramos, Marcel R de Zoete, Bernhard Ryffel, João S Silva, Daniela Carlos

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Sound evidence supports a role for interleukin-17 (IL-17) -producing γδ T cells and IL-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells in intestinal homeostasis, especially in intestinal barrier integrity. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the role of IL-17 cytokine in the regulation of intestinal immunity and obesity-induced metabolic syndrome (MetS) in an experimental murine model. C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice and mice lacking the IL-17 cytokine receptor (IL-17RA-/- ) were fed either a control diet (CD) or a high-fat diet (HFD) for 9 weeks. Our data demonstrate that IL-17RA-/- mice are protected against obesity, but develop hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance. In parallel, HFD-fed IL-17RA-/- mice display intense inflammation in the ileum compared with WT mice on the HFD. IL-17RA-/- mice fed the HFD exhibit impaired neutrophil migration to the intestinal mucosa and reduced gene expression of the CXCL-1 chemokine and CXCR-2 receptor in the ileum. Interestingly, the populations of neutrophils (CD11b+ Ly6G+ ) and anti-inflammatory macrophages (CD11b+ CX3CR1+ ) are increased in the mesenteric lymph nodes of these mice. IL-17RA-/- mice on the HFD also display increased commensal bacterial translocation into the bloodstream and elevated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) levels in the visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Metagenomic analysis of bacterial 16S gene revealed increased Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes phyla, the main representatives of Gram-negative bacteria, and reduced Akkermansia muciniphila in the fecal samples of IL-17RA-/- mice fed the HFD. Together, these data indicate that the IL-17/IL-17R axis drives intestinal neutrophil migration, limits gut dysbiosis and attenuates LPS translocation to VAT, resulting in protection to MetS.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalImmunology
    Early online date25 Nov 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

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