Integrating Whole Child Development (WCD) Measurement into Education Systems

Paul Schöpfer, Maria van der Harst, Bjorn Wansink, Rita Heller Crespo, Diederik van Iwaarden, Arjun Bahadur, Eveline Correa, Nancy Keji, John Mugo, Supraja Narayanaswamy, Anne W. Njine, Prateesh Prasad, Alex Ríos, Nacho Sequeira, Mary E. Walsh, Joost de Laat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalSpecial issueProfessional


Based on discussions with 10 education organizations working with a variety of whole child development (WCD) approaches across the globe, this article explores what such holistic approaches to building foundational skills mean for measuring student outcomes, including
at young ages, and what other indicators are necessary to support education systems that foster the thriving of children with different needs across different contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-68
Number of pages4
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2024


  • Assessments
  • Whole child development (WCD)
  • Measurement
  • Holistic education


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