Innovation and competitiveness: The regional dimension

Carlos Azzoni*, Milene Tessarin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


This chapter examines the role of innovation and technological capability in the context of Latin American regional development. Focusing on the Brazilian case, a comparative analysis is performed to identify the innovative potential of regions and its determinants. The analysis also seeks to understand whether spatial disparities in innovative potential are increasing or diminishing. It is established that important drivers of regions’ innovative potential include per capita income, the degree of industrialization, and the proportion of large companies. Perhaps surprisingly, the chapter finds that spatial disparities in terms of innovative potential have been falling in Brazil. This is largely due to the impacts of public policy, though progress has been very slow. Further pursuit of more spatially dispersed innovation could form an important contribution to resolving the middle-income trap.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInnovation, Competitiveness, and Development in Latin America
Subtitle of host publicationLessons from the Past and Perspectives for the Future
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9780197648049
ISBN (Print)9780197648070
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2024


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