Impacts of private sustainability certification on practices of tea production in Tamilnadu, India

Walter J V Vermeulen*, Just D. Dengerink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Private standards increasingly play a major role in creating sustainable practices in international trade relations. This paper presents the results of an impact study in tea produced for export in India and it compares a group of certified tea estates with non-certified farms. It aims to determine changes in time and differences between the two groups. The study reveals differences between certified and non-certified tea suppliers. These are partly rooted in a longer history of the certified farmers. The study shows that certified farms have a better economic performance and produce ecological and social benefits. Still their practices face some major challenges for the near future. The study also reveals that a part of the control group farms may be receptive for a move towards complying with standards set in the international market. It also discusses limitations of what private standards can achieve, especially in the area of socio-economic impact and living wages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-82
Number of pages38
JournalInternational Journal of Business and Globalisation
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Certification
  • India
  • Private standards
  • Sustainable production
  • Tea
  • Value chain
  • Voluntary sustainability standards

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