Imaging through highly scattering environments using ballistic and quasi-ballistic light in a common-path Sagnac interferometer

Jesse Dykes, Zeina Nazer, Allard P. Mosk, Otto L. Muskens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The survival of time-reversal symmetry in the presence of strong multiple scattering lies at the heart of some of the most robust interference effects of light in complex media. Here, the use of time-reversed light paths for imaging in highly scattering environments is investigated. A common-path Sagnac interferometer is constructed that is able to detect objects behind a layer of strongly scattering material at up to 14 mean free paths of total attenuation length. A spatial offset between the two light paths is used to suppress non-specific scattering contributions, limiting the signal to the volume of overlap. Scaling of the specific signal intensity indicates a transition from ballistic to quasi-ballistic contributions as the scattering thickness is increased. The characteristic frequency dependence for the coherent modulation signal provides a path length dependent signature, while the spatial overlap requirement allows for short-range 3D imaging. The technique of common-path, bistatic interferometry offers a conceptually novel approach that could open new applications in diverse areas such as medical imaging, machine vision, sensors, and lidar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10386-10399
Number of pages14
JournalOptics Express
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2020

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