Illness representations of depression and perceptions of the helpfulness of social support: Comparing depressed and never-depressed persons

Manja Vollmann, Margreet Scharloo, Christel Salewski, Alexander Dienst, Klaus Schonauer, Britta Renner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Compared illness representations of depression and perceptions of appropriate social support for depression in currently depressed and never-depressed individuals. Questionnaires were completed by 41 depressed subjects (aged 17-67 years) and 57 never-depressed subjects (aged 18-77 years). Current depression was assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-Item Depression Module (PHQ-9). Cognitive and emotional representations of depression were assessed using the Illness Perceptions Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R). Perceived helpfulness of social support was assessed using a modified version of the Inventory of Social Support in Dyads (ISU-DYA). The helpfulness of supportive behaviors was assessed using the Inventory for Protection and Activation in Depression (ISAD). Results demonstrated differences in illness representations and helpfulness of supportive behavior between the 2 groups. It is concluded that discrepancies can be used to educate patients with depression as well as to develop interventions to raise awareness and eliminate stigmatization in the community.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-220
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume125
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • depression; illness representations; social support; lay theories; illness attitudes; PHQ-D & IPQ & ISU-DYA & ISAD; 41 depressed subjects aged 17-67 yearsULvs 57 never-depressed subjects aged 18-77 years
  • *Major Depression
  • *Social Support
  • *Mental Illness (Attitudes Toward)
  • Social Interaction
  • Distress
  • Attribution
  • Affective Disorders
  • *Soziale Unterstützung
  • *Einstellungen zu Geisteskrankheiten
  • Soziale Interaktion
  • Emotionale Belastung
  • Affektive Störungen

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