How open science can support the 3Rs and improve animal research

Monique Janssens, Stefan Gaillard, Judith de Haan, Wim de Leeuw, Matthew Brooke, Maura Burke, Jacques Flores, Iris Kruijen, Julia Menon, Adrian Smith, Ivo Tiebosch, Felix Weijdema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Open science in its broadest sense can make better science and provide benefits to researchers. When applied to animal experimentation, it can prevent unnecessary use of animals, because knowledge and experiences about past animal experimentation are shared openly to be consulted and used by other researchers. By extension, open science can accelerate the much anticipated transition towards animal-free innovations or New Approach Methodologies (NAMs). The purpose of this paper is to bring together and further share the preparations and findings of a symposium held at Utrecht University on aspects of open science that researchers doing animal experiments can and should take into account to improve their research and benefit themselves. The paper offers a one-figure guideline for that purpose.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere105198
Pages (from-to)1-23
JournalResearch Ideas and Outcomes
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • open science
  • animal experiments
  • research quality
  • 3Rs


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