Homoleptic Diphosphacyclobutadiene Complexes [M(η4-P2C2R2)2]x- (M=Fe, Co; x=0, 1)

Robert Wolf, A.W. Ehlers, M.M. Khusniyarov, F. Hartl, B. de Bruin, G.J. Long, F. Grandjean, F.M. Schappacher, R. Pöttgen, J.C. Slootweg, M. Lutz, A.L. Spek, K. Lammertsma

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The preparation and comprehensive characterization of a series of homoleptic sandwich complexes containing diphosphacyclobutadiene ligands are reported. Compounds [K([18]crown-6)ACHTUNGTRENUNG(thf)2][Fe(η4- P2C2tBu2)2] (K1), [K([18]crown-6)- ACHTUNGTRENUNG(thf)2][Co(h4-P2C2tBu2)2] (K2), and [K([18]crown-6)ACHTUNGTRENUNG(thf)2][Co(η4- P2C2Ad2)2] (K3, Ad=adamantyl) were obtained from reactions of [K([18]crown-6)ACHTUNGTRENUNG(thf)2][M(η4-C14H10)2] (M=Fe, Co) with tBuC P (1, 2), or with AdC P (3). Neutral sandwiches [M(h4-P2C2tBu2)2] (4: M=Fe 5: M= Co) were obtained by oxidizing 1 and 2 with [Cp2Fe]PF6. Cyclic voltammetry and spectro-electrochemistry indicate that the two [M(η4-P2C2tBu2)2] /[M(η4- P2C2tBu2)2] moieties can be reversibly interconverted by one electron oxidation and reduction, respectively. Complexes 1–5 were characterized by multinuclear NMR, EPR (1 and 5), UV/Vis, and Mçssbauer spectroscopies (1 and 4), mass spectrometry (4 and 5), and microanalysis (1–3). The molecular structures of 1–5 were determined by using X-ray crystallography. Essentially D2d-symmetric structures were found for all five complexes, which show the two 1,3-diphosphacyclobutadiene rings in a staggered orientation. Density functional theory calculations revealed the importance of covalent metal– ligand p bonding in 1–5. Possible oxidation state assignments for the metal ions are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14322-14334
Number of pages13
JournalChemistry-A European Journal
Issue number48
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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