Holocene paleogeographies of the Palairos coastal plain (Akarnania, northwest Greece) and their geoarchaeological implications

A. Vött, H. Brückner, A. Schriever, J. Luther, M. Handl, K. van der Borg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Sediments from the Palairos coastal plain (Akarnania, northwest Greece) were studied to establish paleogeographical scenarios of Holocene landscape evolution. Near coast vibracore profiles revealed regressive sedimentary sequences, the base of which is dominated by marine sand and/or lagoonal mud. The middle and upper parts of the sequences are made up of lacustrine mud and fine- to coarse-grained alluvial deposits reflecting the increased activity of torrential river systems. In the southern plain, marine sediments of the maximum incursion of the Ionian Sea were found 1 km inland and date from the seventh millennium B.C. This proves that the Lake Voulkaria in the northern plain does not represent the remains of a former marine embayment. Subsequently, a large lagoon developed and existed until the fourth millennium B.C. The central plain was mainly exposed to subaerial conditions when man started to colonize the area in the seventh millennium B.C. In the fifth millennium B.C., the Palairos lagoon turned into a freshwater lake. When ancient Palairos was founded in the 6th century B.C., shallow lakes and swamps dominated the southern and central parts of the plain. At that time, a narrow canal-like connection between the Bay of Palairos-Pogonia and the Lake Voulkaria existed and was possibly used as a slipway for ships. During the last 4000 years, the Palairos plain experienced strong input of fluvial sediments which finally filled up the coastal lake as well as the swampy grounds.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)649-664
Number of pages16
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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