We review the history of human-automation interaction research, assess its current status and identify future directions. We start by reviewing articles that were published on this topic in the International Journal of Human-Computer Studies during the last 50 years. We find that over the years, automated systems have been used more frequently (1) in time-sensitive or safety-critical settings, (2) in embodied and situated systems, and (3) by non-professional users. Looking to the future, there is a need for human-automation interaction research to focus on (1) issues of function and task allocation between humans and machines, (2) issues of trust, incorrect use, and confusion, (3) the balance between focus, divided attention and attention management, (4) the need for interdisciplinary approaches to cover breadth and depth, (5) regulation and explainability, (6) ethical and social dilemmas, (7) allowing a human and humane experience, and (8) radically different human-automation interaction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-107
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of human-computer studies
Early online date17 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019


  • Automation
  • Human-Automation Interaction
  • Safety-Critical Systems
  • Autonomous Agents
  • Embodied Systems
  • Situated Systems
  • Divided Attention
  • Ethics
  • Robotics
  • Automated Vehicles


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