Grapevine DMR6-1 Is a Candidate Gene for Susceptibility to Downy mildew

Carlotta Pirrello, Giulia Malacarne, Marco Moretto, Luisa Lenzi, Michele Perazzolli, Tieme Zeilmaker, Guido Van den Ackerveken, Stefania Pilati, Claudio Moser, Lisa Giacomelli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Grapevine (Vitis vinifera) is a valuable crop in Europe for both economical and cultural reasons, but highly susceptible to Downy mildew (DM). The generation of resistant vines is of critical importance for a sustainable viticulture and can be achieved either by introgression of resistance genes in susceptible varieties or by mutation of Susceptibility (S) genes, e.g., by gene editing. This second approach offers several advantages: it maintains the genetic identity of cultivars otherwise disrupted by crossing and generally results in a broad-spectrum and durable resistance, but it is hindered by the poor knowledge about S genes in grapevines. Candidate S genes are Downy mildew Resistance 6 (DMR6) and DMR6-Like Oxygenases (DLOs), whose mutations confer resistance to DM in Arabidopsis. In this work, we show that grapevine VviDMR6-1 complements the Arabidopsis dmr6-1 resistant mutant. We studied the expression of grapevine VviDMR6 and VviDLO genes in different organs and in response to the DM causative agent Plasmopara viticola. Through an automated evaluation of causal relationships among genes, we show that VviDMR6-1, VviDMR6-2, and VviDLO1 group into different co-regulatory networks, suggesting distinct functions, and that mostly VviDMR6-1 is connected with pathogenesis-responsive genes. Therefore, VviDMR6-1 represents a good candidate to produce resistant cultivars with a gene-editing approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number182
Number of pages21
JournalBiomolecules
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • DLO
  • DMR6
  • Downy mildew
  • Plasmopara viticola
  • Vitis vinifera

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