Global dispersal and adaptive evolution of domestic cattle: a genomic perspective

Xiaoting Xia, Kaixing Qu, Yan Wang, Mikkel-Holger S Sinding, Fuwen Wang, Quratulain Hanif, Zulfiqar Ahmed, Johannes A Lenstra, Jianlin Han, Chuzhao Lei, Ningbo Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Domestic cattle have spread across the globe and inhabit variable and unpredictable environments. They have been exposed to a plethora of selective pressures and have adapted to a variety of local ecological and management conditions, including UV exposure, diseases, and stall-feeding systems. These selective pressures have resulted in unique and important phenotypic and genetic differences among modern cattle breeds/populations. Ongoing efforts to sequence the genomes of local and commercial cattle breeds/populations, along with the growing availability of ancient bovid DNA data, have significantly advanced our understanding of the genomic architecture, recent evolution of complex traits, common diseases, and local adaptation in cattle. Here, we review the origin and spread of domestic cattle and illustrate the environmental adaptations of local cattle breeds/populations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8
Number of pages13
JournalStress Biology
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Cattle
  • Origin
  • Domestication
  • Migration route
  • Environmental adaptation
  • Selective pressure

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