TY - UNPB

T1 - General Boolean Formula Minimization with QBF Solvers

AU - Calò, Eduardo

AU - Levy, Jordi

PY - 2023/3/12

Y1 - 2023/3/12

N2 - The minimization of propositional formulae is a classical problem in logic, whose first algorithms date back at least to the 1950s with the works of Quine and Karnaugh. Most previous work in the area has focused on obtaining minimal, or quasi-minimal, formulae in conjunctive normal form (CNF) or disjunctive normal form (DNF), with applications in hardware design. In this paper, we are interested in the problem of obtaining an equivalent formula in any format, also allowing connectives that are not present in the original formula. We are primarily motivated in applying minimization algorithms to generate natural language translations of the original formula, where using shorter equivalents as input may result in better translations. Recently, Buchfuhrer and Umans have proved that the (decisional version of the) problem is $\Sigma_2^p$-complete. We analyze three possible (practical) approaches to solving the problem. First, using brute force, generating all possible formulae in increasing size and checking if they are equivalent to the original formula by testing all possible variable assignments. Second, generating the Tseitin coding of all the formulae and checking equivalence with the original using a SAT solver. Third, encoding the problem as a Quantified Boolean Formula (QBF), and using a QBF solver. Our results show that the QBF approach largely outperforms the other two.

AB - The minimization of propositional formulae is a classical problem in logic, whose first algorithms date back at least to the 1950s with the works of Quine and Karnaugh. Most previous work in the area has focused on obtaining minimal, or quasi-minimal, formulae in conjunctive normal form (CNF) or disjunctive normal form (DNF), with applications in hardware design. In this paper, we are interested in the problem of obtaining an equivalent formula in any format, also allowing connectives that are not present in the original formula. We are primarily motivated in applying minimization algorithms to generate natural language translations of the original formula, where using shorter equivalents as input may result in better translations. Recently, Buchfuhrer and Umans have proved that the (decisional version of the) problem is $\Sigma_2^p$-complete. We analyze three possible (practical) approaches to solving the problem. First, using brute force, generating all possible formulae in increasing size and checking if they are equivalent to the original formula by testing all possible variable assignments. Second, generating the Tseitin coding of all the formulae and checking equivalence with the original using a SAT solver. Third, encoding the problem as a Quantified Boolean Formula (QBF), and using a QBF solver. Our results show that the QBF approach largely outperforms the other two.

KW - cs.AI

KW - cs.CC

KW - cs.LO

U2 - 10.48550/arXiv.2303.06643

DO - 10.48550/arXiv.2303.06643

M3 - Preprint

SP - 1

EP - 12

BT - General Boolean Formula Minimization with QBF Solvers

PB - arXiv

ER -