Fuzzy-Based Intelligent Model for Rapid Rock Slope Stability Analysis Using Qslope

Yimin Mao, Liang Chen, Yaser A. Nanehkaran, Mohammad Azarafza, Reza Derakhshani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Artificial intelligence (AI) applications have introduced transformative possibilities within geohazard analysis, particularly concerning the assessment of rock slope instabilities. This study delves into the amalgamation of AI and empirical techniques to attain highly precise outcomes in the evaluation of slope stability. Specifically, our primary objective is to propose innovative and efficient methods by investigating the integration of AI within the well-regarded Qslope system, renowned for its efficacy in analyzing rock slope stability. Given the complexities inherent in rock characteristics, particularly in coastal regions, the Qslope system necessitates adjustments and harmonization with other geomechanical methodologies. Uncertainties prevalent in rock engineering, compounded by water-related factors, warrant meticulous consideration during all calculations. To address these complexities, we present a novel approach through the infusion of fuzzy set theory into the Qslope classification, leveraging fuzziness to effectively quantify and accommodate uncertainties. Our approach employs a sophisticated fuzzy algorithm encompassing six inputs, three outputs, and 756 fuzzy rules, thereby enabling a robust assessment of rock slope stability in coastal regions. The implementation of this method capitalizes on the high-level programming language Python, enhancing computational efficiency. To validate the potency of our AI-based approach, we conducted preliminary tests on slope instabilities within coastal zones, indicating a promising initial direction. The results underwent thorough evaluation, affirming the precision and dependability of the proposed method. However, it is crucial to emphasize that this work represents a first attempt to apply AI to the evaluation of rock slope stability. Our findings underscore a high degree of concurrence and expeditious stability assessment, vital for timely and effective hazard mitigation. Nonetheless, we acknowledge that the reliability of this innovative method must be established through broader applications across diverse scenarios. The proposed AI-based approach’s effectiveness is validated through a preliminary survey on a slope instability case within a coastal region, and its potential merits must be substantiated through broader validation efforts.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2949
Number of pages21
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2023


  • Q
  • fuzzy logic
  • geomechanics
  • rock slope
  • slope stability


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