Examining the job demands-resources model in a sample of Korean correctional officers

Soohyun Cho, Hyunkyung Noh, Eunjoo Yang, Jayoung Lee, Narae Lee, Wilmar B. Schaufeli, Sang Min Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


There have been numerous studies on the job stress and mental health of correctional officers. Most of them, however, focused on specific symptoms or the simple relations between various stressors and mental health. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the mechanism of the relationship between job characteristics and burnout among correctional officers by integrating basic psychological needs satisfaction into the job-demands resources model. The results, using a representative sample of 3005 correctional officers, indicate that job demands directly influenced burnout, while job resources indirectly influenced burnout via basic psychological needs. These findings suggest that the fulfillment of basic psychological needs plays a pivotal role in preventing burnout among correctional officers. The current study offers several suggestions on how to apply these findings in prison organizations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1521-1534
Number of pages14
JournalCurrent Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2020


  • Basic psychological needs
  • Burnout
  • Correctional officers
  • Job demands-resources model


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