Eocene seismogenic reactivation of a Jurassic ductile shear zone at Cap de Creus, Pyrenees, NE Spain

Reinoud L.M. Vissers*, Morgan Ganerød, Gill M. Pennock, Douwe J.J. van Hinsbergen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The Cap de Creus peninsula in NE Spain exposes Variscan amphibolite-facies rocks, transected by greenschist-facies mylonitic shear zones accommodating displacements of up to 1 km. One of these shear zones contains pseudotachylytes with 1–4 mm thick fault veins and cm-scale high-angle injection veins and breccias. The pseudotachylyte matrix encloses mm-to μm-scale wallrock fragments and consists of ultrafine biotite and feldspar, often with a microporphyritic structure suggesting crystallization from a melt. Recent dating of the host shear zone yielded a Jurassic (170-160 Ma) age. Here we present 40Ar/39Ar dating of the pseudotachylytes yielding Early Eocene ages between 52.76 ± 1.64 Ma and 44.55 ± 0.77 Ma, indicating Alpine brittle faulting at times that Jurassic low-angle ductile shears had been tilted to their present vertical position following Alpine thrusting in the Pyrenees. The kinematics of the pseudotachylytes suggest strike-slip reactivation along the host shear zone, consistent with plate-kinematic analyses indicating coeval Iberia - Europe motion dominated by strike-slip. The dimensions of the pseudotachylyte-bearing zone and estimated brittle displacements suggest a moment magnitude of ~4.7–4.9. The average thicknesses of the fault veins indicate deformation at ≥4 km depth, an energy density of ~9.106 J/m2 and a frictional resistance of ~23 MPa.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103994
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Structural Geology
Volume134
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Ar/Ar dating
  • Cap de Creus
  • Fault reactivation
  • Pseudotachylyte
  • Pyrenees

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