ENCJ Survey on the independence of judges 2022

Frans van Dijk, Bart Diephuis, Kamil Jonski

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


The survey among the judges of Europe about their independence took place for the fourth time in the first quarter of 2022. In total 15,821 judges from 29 judiciaries of 27 countries participated.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationBrussels
PublisherEuropean Network of Councils for the Judiciary
Number of pages88
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • judicial independence
  • survey
  • independence of judges


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