Due Diligence and UN Support for African Union Security Forces: Peacekeeper Sexual Violence, Exploitation and Abuse

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Abstract

Complicity by un military peacekeepers in sexual abuse and sexual exploitation
(‘SEA’) has been in the lime light in academic, practice and policy circles for many
years now. Recent scandals involving sexual violence and abuse by peacekeepers in
the Central African Republic and failures to respond are proving the catalyst for major
reforms being discussed and implemented currently at UN level. There are numerous
legal complexities, difficulties and flaws with the legal framework, policies and systems presently in place. Less considered are the parallel regulatory frameworks operative, or not operative, in the context of peacekeeping done beyond the remit of the United Nations or by those not deployed under its command and control. The fact remains that SEA is also prevalent across these peace operations but very little focus has been placed on these by academics or practitioners alike. Increasingly the UN is likely to rely on regional bodies in conducting peace operations falling outside its sea regulatory framework. This may leave local populations vulnerable to unregulated or poorly regulated acts of sexual abuse and exploitation by peacekeepers. This paper seeks to address a gap in the literature in examining this regulatory space, focusing on the African Union’s (‘AU’s’) policy and regulatory frameworks governing its personnel deployed to peace operation environments in so far as they appear to exist. In doing so, it will reflect on the relationship this has to the un’s Human Rights Due Diligence Policy on United Nations Support to Non-United Nations Security Forces, and the increasing reliance on au regional peace operations, and re-hatting of forces.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-61
Number of pages61
JournalJournal of International Peacekeeping
Volume21
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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