Abstract

Air Liquid Interface (ALI) system has emerged as a useful tool for toxicity evaluation of nanomaterials related to inhalation since the system mimics the aerosol exposure. We compared the biological responses of lung epithelial cells exposed to titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanofibers and nanoparticles in ALI and submerged cell cultures systems. Cells were exposed to 2 and 10 μg/cm2 for 24 h, 48 h and 72 h and LDH release, TiO2 internalization, DNA-double strand breaks (DSBs) and ROS production were assessed. LDH release was similar in both systems and particles had higher cytoplasmic uptake in submerged systems. Both TiO2 types were located in the cytoplasm but nanofibers had nuclear uptake regardless to the system tested. Cells exposed to TiO2 nanofibers had higher DSBs in the ALI system than in submerged cell cultures but cells exposed to TiO2 nanoparticles had similar DSBs in both systems. ROS production was higher in cells exposed to TiO2 nanofibers compared to cells exposed to TiO2 nanoparticles. In conclusion, cytotoxicity of lung epithelial cells was similar in ALI or submerged cell cultures, however cells exposed to TiO2 nanofibers displayed higher toxicity than cells exposed to TiO2 nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104798
Number of pages13
JournalToxicology in Vitro
Volume65
Early online date19 Feb 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Air liquid Interface system
  • TiO2 nanofibers
  • DNA damage
  • TiO2 nanoparticles
  • ROS production
  • Cytotoxicity

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