Development and Pilot of an Interactive Online Course on Antimicrobial Stewardship in Companion Animals

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


A holistic approach to antimicrobial use (AMU) and prescribing is needed to combat the problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Previously, an antimicrobial stewardship programme (ASP) was developed, introduced, and evaluated in 44 Dutch companion animal clinics, which resulted in an optimization of AMU. As a follow-up to this, an online course was developed to promote awareness of AMU, AMR, and responsible antimicrobial prescribing. The aim of this paper is to describe the development and pilot, including evaluation, of this course, which will be disseminated more widely among Dutch companion animal veterinarians. The interactive programme consists of a major e-learning component and two online, face-to-face meetings. The course comprises five different parts corresponding with five consecutive weeks. Theory on several topics is offered, for example on AMU and AMR in general, Dutch regulations and guidelines on veterinary AMU, behavioural change, and possible methods to quantify AMU. Additionally, several assignments are offered, for example to reflect upon one’s own current antimicrobial prescribing behaviour. Interactive discussion and peer-to-peer learning are promoted. Since September 2020, the course has been offered in a pilot phase, and the feedback is promising. Evaluation of the pilot phase will result in recommendations for further optimization and dissemination.
Original languageEnglish
Article number610
Number of pages13
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2021


  • Antimicrobial stewardship
  • Companion animals
  • Optimizing antimicrobial prescribing
  • Small private online course (SPOC)
  • Veterinary medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Development and Pilot of an Interactive Online Course on Antimicrobial Stewardship in Companion Animals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this