Detecting Feedback Vertex Sets of Size k in O^star (2.7k) Time

Jason Li, Jesper Nederlof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In the Feedback Vertex Set (FVS) problem, one is given an undirected graph G and an integer k, and one needs to determine whether there exists a set of k vertices that intersects all cycles of G (a so-called feedback vertex set). Feedback Vertex Set is one of the most central problems in parameterized complexity: It served as an excellent testbed for many important algorithmic techniques in the field such as Iterative Compression [Guo et al. (JCSS’06)], Randomized Branching [Becker et al. (J. Artif. Intell. Res’00)] and Cut&Count [Cygan et al. (FOCS’11)]. In particular, there has been a long race for the smallest dependence f(k) in run times of the type O⋆ (f(k)), where the O⋆ notation omits factors polynomial in n. This race seemed to have reached a conclusion in 2011, when a randomized O⋆ (3k) time algorithm based on Cut&Count was introduced.

In this work, we show the contrary and give a O⋆ (2.7k) time randomized algorithm. Our algorithm combines all mentioned techniques with substantial new ideas: First, we show that, given a feedback vertex set of size k of bounded average degree, a tree decomposition of width (1-Ω (1))k can be found in polynomial time. Second, we give a randomized branching strategy inspired by the one from [Becker et al. (J. Artif. Intell. Res’00)] to reduce to the aforementioned bounded average degree setting. Third, we obtain significant run time improvements by employing fast matrix multiplication.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34:1-34:26
JournalACM Transactions on Algorithms
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


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