Design and implementation of a sensitive high-resolution nonlinear spectral imaging microscope

J.A. Palero, G. Latouche, H.S. de Bruijn, A. van der Ploeg van den Heuvel, H.J. Sterrenborg, H.C. Gerritsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Live tissue nonlinear microscopy based on multiphoton autofluorescence and second harmonic emission originating from endogenous fluorophores and noncentrosymmetric-structured proteins is rapidly gaining interest in biomedical applications. The advantage of this technique includes high imaging penetration depth and minimal phototoxic effects on tissues. Because fluorescent dyes are not used, discrimination between different components within the tissue is challenging. We have developed a nonlinear spectral imaging microscope based on a home-built multiphoton microscope, a prism spectrograph, and a high-sensitivity CCD camera for detection. The sensitivity of the microscope was optimized for autofluorescence and second harmonic imaging over a broad wavelength range. Importantly, the spectrograph lacks an entrance aperture; this improves the detection efficiency at deeper lying layers in the specimen. Application to the imaging of ex vivo and in vivo mouse skin tissues showed clear differences in spectral emission between skin tissue layers as well as biochemically different tissue components. Acceptable spectral images could be recorded up to an imaging depth of approximately 100 microm.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)044019
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Biomedical Optics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Cite this