Crossover specificity of team-level work-family conflict to individual-level work-family conflict

IJ.H. Van Emmerik, M.C.W. Peeters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose – This study aims to investigate the crossover specificity of team-level stressors to individual-level work-family conflict.
Design/methodology/approach – The paper takes the form of a multilevel analyses with data from 428 employees of a Dutch municipality working in 49 teams.
Findings – The results indicate the expected crossover specificity of different types of work-family conflicts. After controlling for individual-level demands there is little evidence that team-level work demands influence work-family conflict (WFC) or family-work conflict (FWC), but team-level WFC and FWC do influence individual-level WFC and FWC, respectively.
Research limitations/implications – The paper distinguishes two types of WFC, but it did not distinguish between strain- and time-based conflicts. Further, it did not pay attention to individual differences (e.g., susceptibility to distress of team members), although such differences may be important moderators of the crossover process.
Originality/value – This study is one of the first that empirically linked team-level stressors and WFC to individual-level WFC and that tested crossover specificity. Findings indicated the associations of team-level WFC and FWC and focal employees’ WFC and FWC respectively, thereby underscoring the importance of crossover specificity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-268
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Managerial Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • workplace
  • stress
  • family life
  • employee behaviour
  • conflict
  • The Netherlands


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