Crossover restrictions, A-bar pronouns and discourse antecedents

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The difference between weak crossovers and weakest crossovers is usually derived from a distinction between quantifiers and non-quantifiers (Lasnik & Stowell 1991). In this paper I will derive crossover restrictions from a new example set, long movement constructions with Dutch A-bar pronouns. Besides question wh-pronouns and relative pronouns, the set of Dutch A-bar pronouns includes topic d-pronouns not available in English. I will argue that A-bar pronouns constitute a uniform set of quantifiers, be it quantifiers with a discourse antecedent. To explain the present analysis, I take the proposals of Safir (2004) and Ruys (2004) as a starting point. A major difference between these approaches and my own is that my analysis will make a distinction between strong crossovers on the one hand versus weak and weakest crossovers on the other hand, whereas it is more usual to see a related explanation for strong and weak crossovers versus weakest crossovers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88 –104
JournalLinguistics in the Netherlands
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • crossover restrictions
  • coreference
  • binding
  • dependency
  • A-bar pronouns
  • topic d-pronoun
  • discourse antecedent


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