Criminaliteit en traditionele Chinese medicijnen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is deeply rooted in the Chinese culture. Although thousands of animal and plant species are used for medicines legally, some medications contain more sinister elements; illegal animal or plant ingredients of protected species. What is the origin of this demand for rare species as medicine, who are involved in the trade and why is law enforcement complicated? This article will show that the illicit trade in TCM is a form of crime that transcends the borders of China and manifests itself in Western Europe. Various aspects of the trade are highlighted, including criminalization of the use of endangered species, western anthropocentrism and the cultural use of medicine, to understand this relatively invisible crime.
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)130-143
JournalPROCES: Tijdschrift voor Strafrechtspleging
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Cite this