Coupling of sequential injection analysis and capillary electrophoresis - Laser-induced fluorescence via a valve interface for on-line derivatization and analysis of amino acids and peptides.

CK Zacharis, F.W.A. Tempels, GA Theodoridis, AN Voulgaropoulos, W.J.M. Underberg, G.W. Somsen, G.J. de Jong

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The on-line coupling of sequential injection analysis (SIA) and capillary electrophoresis (CE) via an in-line injection valve is presented. The SIA system is used for automated derivatization of amino acids and peptides. Dichlorotriazinylaminofluorescein serves as the derivatization agent, thus enabling sensitive laser-induced fluorescence detection of the derivatized analytes. The SIA procedure includes the following steps: (a) introduction of reagent and sample zones in a holding coil, (b) sample and reagent mixing in a reaction coil, (c) stop-flow step for increase of the reaction time, and (d) delivery of derivatized sample into the loop of the micro-valve interface. A small portion of the analyte zone is introduced electrokinetically in the separation capillary via the valve interface and CE analysis is performed. Factors affecting the CE separation, such as pH, the borate and sodium dodecyl sulphate concentration of the background electrolyte have been optimized. The derivatization conditions have been studied to obtain a high reaction yield in a relative short time. The transfer of a part of the reaction plug into the loop of the valve interface has been optimized. Using des-Tyr(1)-[Met]-enkephalinamide as test compound, it is demonstrated that after automated derivatization, on-line electrophoretic analysis could be achieved. Glycine has been selected as the internal standard in order to correct for variations in reaction time and filling of the injection loop. For the enkephalin, good reproducibility (RSDor=0.994) are obtained with a detection limit of 30 ng mL(-1) (S/N=3).
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)297-303
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • Medical technology
  • Farmacie(FARM)
  • Bescherming en bevordering van de menselijke gezondheid
  • Biomedische technologie en medicijnen
  • Public Health
  • Analytical chemistry
  • Drugmisbruik en verslaving

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