TY - UNPB

T1 - Complexity Framework for Forbidden Subgraphs IV

T2 - The Steiner Forest Problem

AU - Bodlaender, Hans L.

AU - Johnson, Matthew

AU - Martin, Barnaby

AU - Oostveen, Jelle

AU - Pandey, Sukanya

AU - Paulusma, Daniël

AU - Smith, Siani

AU - van Leeuwen, Erik Jan

PY - 2023/5/2

Y1 - 2023/5/2

N2 - We study Steiner Forest on H-subgraph-free graphs, that is, graphs that do not contain some fixed graph H as a (not necessarily induced) subgraph. We are motivated by a recent framework that completely characterizes the complexity of many problems on H-subgraph-free graphs. However, in contrast to e.g. the related Steiner Tree problem, Steiner Forest falls outside this framework. Hence, the complexity of Steiner Forest on H-subgraph-free graphs remained tantalizingly open. In this paper, we make significant progress towards determining the complexity of Steiner Forest on H-subgraph-free graphs. Our main results are four novel polynomial-time algorithms for different excluded graphs H that are central to further understand its complexity. Along the way, we study the complexity of Steiner Forest for graphs with a small c-deletion set, that is, a small set S of vertices such that each component of G−S has size at most c. Using this parameter, we give two noteworthy algorithms that we later employ as subroutines. First, we prove Steiner Forest is FPT parameterized by |S| when c=1 (i.e. the vertex cover number). Second, we prove Steiner Forest is polynomial-time solvable for graphs with a 2-deletion set of size at most 2. The latter result is tight, as the problem is NP-complete for graphs with a 3-deletion set of size 2.

AB - We study Steiner Forest on H-subgraph-free graphs, that is, graphs that do not contain some fixed graph H as a (not necessarily induced) subgraph. We are motivated by a recent framework that completely characterizes the complexity of many problems on H-subgraph-free graphs. However, in contrast to e.g. the related Steiner Tree problem, Steiner Forest falls outside this framework. Hence, the complexity of Steiner Forest on H-subgraph-free graphs remained tantalizingly open. In this paper, we make significant progress towards determining the complexity of Steiner Forest on H-subgraph-free graphs. Our main results are four novel polynomial-time algorithms for different excluded graphs H that are central to further understand its complexity. Along the way, we study the complexity of Steiner Forest for graphs with a small c-deletion set, that is, a small set S of vertices such that each component of G−S has size at most c. Using this parameter, we give two noteworthy algorithms that we later employ as subroutines. First, we prove Steiner Forest is FPT parameterized by |S| when c=1 (i.e. the vertex cover number). Second, we prove Steiner Forest is polynomial-time solvable for graphs with a 2-deletion set of size at most 2. The latter result is tight, as the problem is NP-complete for graphs with a 3-deletion set of size 2.

U2 - 10.48550/arXiv.2305.01613

DO - 10.48550/arXiv.2305.01613

M3 - Preprint

BT - Complexity Framework for Forbidden Subgraphs IV

PB - arXiv

ER -