Chlorine isotopic compositions of deep saline fluids in Ibusuki coastal geothermal region, Japan: using B–Cl isotopes to interpret fluid sources

Masaaki Musashi*, Takao Oi, Rob Kreulen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

We report chlorine stable isotopic compositions (δ37Cl, expressed in ‰ relative to the standard mean ocean chloride) as well as δ2H and δ18O values of deep saline fluids taken at eight drill-holes reaching from 73 to 780 m below sea level in the Ibusuki coastal geothermal region, Japan. Analytical results show that the δ37Cl values narrowly range between −0.26 and +0.21 ‰ with an analytical precision of ±0.06 ‰. Except for one sample, the samples examined are negative in δ37Cl value with varying Cl/B molar ratios from 117 to 1265. A correlation study between the Cl/B molar ratio and the δ37Cl/δ11B ratio indicates a hyperbola-type mixing of at least two Cl sources in the Ibusuki region. One of them depletes in 37Cl with a higher value of Cl/B molar ratio; and the other one enriches in 37Cl with a lower Cl/B molar ratio. The former is chemically identical to that of the deep brine, which is altered seawater through the seawater–hot rock interaction. The latter is chemically similar to gas condensate derived from the high-temperature (890 °C) vent of an island-arc volcano near the Ibusuki region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-299
Number of pages15
JournalIsotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2015

Keywords

  • boron-11
  • chlorine-37
  • coastal geothermal region
  • deep brine
  • hydrogen-2
  • Ibusuki
  • isotope geochemistry
  • oxygen-18
  • sea water
  • subduction process
  • volatile

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