Changes in typical beliefs in response to complicated grief treatment.

N.A. Skritskaya, C. Mauro, A. Garcia de la Garza, F. Lechner - Meichsner, B. Lebowitz, C. F. Reynolds, S. Naomi, S. Zisook, M. Katherine Shear

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BackgroundProlonged grief disorder (PGD) is a new diagnosis in the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases, estimated to affect 1 in 10 bereaved people and causing significant distress and impairment. Maladaptive thoughts play an important role in PGD. We have previously validated the typical beliefs questionnaire (TBQ), which contains five kinds of thinking commonly seen in PGD: protesting the death, negative thoughts about the world, needing the person, less grief is wrong, and grieving too much. The current paper examines the role of maladaptive cognition as measured by the TBQ in PGD and its change with treatment.MethodsAmong participants in a multisite clinical trial including 394 adults, we examined (a) the relationship between maladaptive thoughts at baseline and treatment outcomes, (b) the relationship between maladaptive thoughts and suicidality at baseline and posttreatment, and (c) the effect of treatment with and without complicated grief therapy (CGT) on maladaptive thinking.ResultsTBQ scores were associated with treatment outcomes and were strongly related to suicidal thinking before and after treatment. TBQ scores showed significantly greater reduction in participants who received CGT with citalopram versus citalopram alone (adjusted mean standard error [SE] difference, -2.45 [0.85]; p = .004) and those who received CGT with placebo versus placebo alone (adjusted mean [SE] difference, -3.44 [0.90]; p ConclusionsMaladaptive thoughts, as measured by the TBQ, have clinical and research significance for PGD and its treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-89
JournalDepression and Anxiety
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Changes in typical beliefs in response to complicated grief treatment.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this