Care arrangements for older adults: Exploring the intergenerational contract in emigrant households of Goa, India

Allen P. Ugargol*, Ajay Bailey, Inge Hutter, K.S. James

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Insufficient social security systems make families primarily responsible for providing support to older adults in India. Increased mobility of adult children, fewer siblings and increased longevity of older adults are some of the demographic changes influencing care arrangements in Indian households. This chapter applies a qualitative research approach to examine the evolving nature of care frameworks for older adults in the Indian context. This is done through examining the changing household living arrangements and complexities that exist in identifying caregiving motives and primary caregivers to older adults, especially in an emigration context where older adults are left behind. This chapter serves to initiate dialogue on the negotiated intergenerational contract that seems to have evolved in the background of changing family situations and modernisation, however, serves to still make possible reciprocal support exchanges between older adults and their adult children. Findings from this study indicate that adult children from emigrant households are responsive to parental needs of support and find ways to effect supportive exchanges and care arrangements. The intergenerational care arrangements reflect the emigration event-led adaptation of family and household structure to retain traditional familial ties and enable mutually supportive exchanges between adult children and their parents.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCare for Older Adults in India
Subtitle of host publicationLiving Arrangements and Quality of Life
EditorsAjay Bailey, Martin Hyde, K. S. James
PublisherPolicy Press
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9781447357414
ISBN (Print)9781447357339
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022

Publication series

NameAgeing in a Global Context
PublisherPolicy Press


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