Burning questions in burnout research

W.B. Schaufeli, J. Hakanen, A. Shimazu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


Despite the fact that burnout has been around for almost half a century, various topics are still hotly debated. Although over one million publications appeared on the subject, scholars still do not agree about many issues. This chapter discusses these issues and attempts to take stock by answering six burning questions: (1) What is the nature of burnout?; (2) Is burnout also a medical diagnosis?; (3) How can burnout be assessed?; (4) Is there a burnout pandemic?; (5) Is burnout rooted in the person and the body?; and (6) Are burnout interventions successful? Not surprisingly, these questions can only be answered preliminary. However, directions for future research are proposed to overcome the paradox between the countless number of burnout publications on the one hand and the piecemeal and incomplete knowledge on the other. Overall, the chapter contributes to the ongoing debate on the nature of burnout by placing it on an empirical footing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationJob Insecurity, Precarious Employment and Burnout
Subtitle of host publicationFacts and Fables in Work Psychology Research
Editors Nele De Cuyper, Eva Selenko , Martin Euwema, Wilmar Schaufeli
Place of PublicationCheltenham UK
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781035315888
ISBN (Print)9781035315871
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 2023

Publication series

NameNew Horizons in Management series


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