Binding of micro-nutrients to the cell wall of the fungus Schizophyllum commune

Fleur E.L. Kleijburg, Adil A. Safeer, Marc Baldus, Han A.B. Wösten*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The cell wall fulfils several functions in the biology of fungi. For instance, it provides mechanical strength, interacts with the (a)biotic environment, and acts as a molecular sieve. Recently, it was shown that proteins and β-glucans in the cell wall of Schizophyllum commune bind Cu2+. We here show that the cell wall of this mushroom forming fungus also binds other (micro-)nutrients. Ca2+, Mg2+, Mn2+, NO3, PO43-, and SO42- bound at levels > 1 mg per gram dry weight cell wall, while binding of BO3-, Cu2+, Zn2+ and MoO42- was lower. Sorption of Ca2+, Mn2+, Zn2+ and PO43- was promoted at alkaline pH. These compounds as well as BO33-, Cu2+, Mg2+, NO3, and SO42- that had bound at pH 4, 6, or 8 could be released from the cell wall at pH 4 with a maximum efficiency of 46–93 %. Solid-state NMR spectroscopy showed that the metals had the same binding sites as Cu2+ when a low concentration of this ion is used. Moreover, data indicate that anions bind to the cell wall as well as to the metal ions. Together, it is shown that the cell wall of S. commune binds various (micro-)nutrients and that this binding is higher than the uptake by hyphae. The binding to the cell wall may be used as a storage mechanism or may reduce availability of these molecules to competitors or prevent toxic influx in the cytoplasm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100108
Number of pages8
JournalThe Cell Surface
Volume10
Early online date17 Jun 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Cell wall
  • Fungus
  • Micronutrients
  • Schizophyllum commune
  • Sorption

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