TY - JOUR

T1 - Avenues for analytic exploration in axisymmetric spacetimes: Foundations and the triad formalism

AU - Brink, Jeandrew

AU - Zimmerman, Aaron

AU - Hinderer, Tanja

PY - 2013/8/21

Y1 - 2013/8/21

N2 - Axially symmetric spacetimes are the only vacuum models for isolated systems with continuous symmetries that also include dynamics. For such systems, we review the reduction of the vacuum Einstein field equations to their most concise form by dimensionally reducing to the three-dimensional space of orbits of the Killing vector, followed by a conformal rescaling. The resulting field equations can be written as a problem in three-dimensional gravity with a complex scalar field as source. This scalar field, the Ernst potential, is constructed from the norm and twist of the spacelike Killing field. In the case where the axial Killing vector is twist-free, we discuss the properties of the axis and simplify the field equations using a triad formalism. We study two physically motivated triad choices that further reduce the complexity of the equations and exhibit their hierarchical structure. The first choice is adapted to a harmonic coordinate that asymptotes to a cylindrical radius and leads to a simplification of the three-dimensional Ricci tensor and the boundary conditions on the axis. We illustrate its properties by explicitly solving the field equations in the case of static axisymmetric spacetimes. The other choice of triad is based on geodesic null coordinates adapted to null infinity as in the Bondi formalism. We then explore the solution space of the twist-free axisymmetric vacuum field equations, identifying the known (unphysical) solutions together with the assumptions made in each case. This singles out the necessary conditions for obtaining physical solutions to the equations. © 2013 American Physical Society.

AB - Axially symmetric spacetimes are the only vacuum models for isolated systems with continuous symmetries that also include dynamics. For such systems, we review the reduction of the vacuum Einstein field equations to their most concise form by dimensionally reducing to the three-dimensional space of orbits of the Killing vector, followed by a conformal rescaling. The resulting field equations can be written as a problem in three-dimensional gravity with a complex scalar field as source. This scalar field, the Ernst potential, is constructed from the norm and twist of the spacelike Killing field. In the case where the axial Killing vector is twist-free, we discuss the properties of the axis and simplify the field equations using a triad formalism. We study two physically motivated triad choices that further reduce the complexity of the equations and exhibit their hierarchical structure. The first choice is adapted to a harmonic coordinate that asymptotes to a cylindrical radius and leads to a simplification of the three-dimensional Ricci tensor and the boundary conditions on the axis. We illustrate its properties by explicitly solving the field equations in the case of static axisymmetric spacetimes. The other choice of triad is based on geodesic null coordinates adapted to null infinity as in the Bondi formalism. We then explore the solution space of the twist-free axisymmetric vacuum field equations, identifying the known (unphysical) solutions together with the assumptions made in each case. This singles out the necessary conditions for obtaining physical solutions to the equations. © 2013 American Physical Society.

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/abfed9ab-b4a4-3962-b8db-33e1ffc61a12/

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.88.044039

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.88.044039

M3 - Article

SN - 1550-7998

VL - 88

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

IS - 4

ER -