Assessing the involvement of selected phenotypes of pseudomonas simiae PICF7 in olive root colonization and biological control of verticillium dahliae

Nuria Montes-Osuna, Carmen Gómez Lama Cabanás, Antonio Valverde-Corredor, Roeland L. Berendsen, Pilar Prieto, Jesús Mercado-Blanco*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Pseudomonas simiae PICF7 is an indigenous inhabitant of the olive ( Olea europaea L.) rhizosphere/root endosphere and an effective biocontrol agent against Verticillium wilt of olive (VWO), caused by the soil-borne fungus Verticillium dahliae. This study aimed to evaluate the potential involvement of selected phenotypes of strain PICF7 in root colonization ability and VWO biocontrol. Therefore, a random transposon-insertion mutant bank of P. simiae PICF7 was screened for the loss of phenotypes likely involved in rhizosphere/soil persistence (copper resistance), root colonization (biofilm formation) and plant growth promotion (phytase activity). Transposon insertions in genes putatively coding for the transcriptional regulator CusR or the chemotaxis protein CheV were found to affect copper resistance, whereas an insertion in fleQ gene putatively encoding a flagellar regulatory protein hampered the ability to form a biofilm. However, these mutants displayed the same antagonistic effect against V. dahliae as the parental strain. Remarkably, two mutants impaired in biofilm formation were never found inside olive roots, whereas their ability to colonize the root exterior and to control VWO remained unaffected. Endophytic colonization of olive roots was unaltered in mutants impaired in copper resistance and phytase production. Results demonstrated that the phenotypes studied were irrelevant for VWO biocontrol.

Original languageEnglish
Article number412
Pages (from-to)1-23
JournalPlants
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Biocontrol
  • Biofilm
  • Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM)
  • Copper tolerance
  • Defoliating (D) pathotype
  • Endophyte
  • Integrated disease management
  • Olea europaea L
  • Phytase activity
  • Verticillium wilt of olive

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