Assessing pig farm biosecurity measures for the control of Salmonella on European farms.

Richard Smith, HE May, E Burow, M Meester, TJ Tobias, EL Sassu, E Pavoni, Ilaria Di Bartolo, C Prigge, D Wasyl, J Zmudzki, A Viltrop, I Nurmoja, V Zoche-Golob, GL Alborali, R Romantini, A Dors, G Krumova-Valcheva, I Koláčková, G ApreaH Daskalov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Salmonella spp. is a common zoonotic pathogen, causing gastrointestinal infections in people. Pigs and pig meat are a major source of infection. Although farm biosecurity is believed to be important for controlling Salmonella transmission, robust evidence is lacking on which measures are most effective. This study enrolled 250 pig farms across nine European countries. From each farm, 20 pooled faecal samples (or similar information) were collected and analysed for Salmonella presence. Based on the proportion of positive results, farms were categorised as at higher or lower Salmonella risk, and associations with variables from a comprehensive questionnaire investigated. Multivariable analysis indicated that farms were less likely to be in the higher-risk category if they had 'Salmonella.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere130
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2023


  • biosecurity
  • effectiveness
  • pig
  • risk factor
  • Salmonella


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