Analyzing crop change scenario with the SmartScape spatial decision support system

A Tayyebi*, AH Tayyebi, J Jokar Arsanjani, E Vaz, M Helbich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Agricultural land use is increasingly changing due to different anthropogenic activities. A combination of economic, socio-political, and cultural factors exerts a direct impact on agricultural changes. This study aims to illustrate how stakeholders and policymakers can take advantage of a web-based spatial decision support system (SDSS), namely SmartScape™ to either test existing crop change policies or produce effective crop change decisions using tradeoff analysis. We addressed the consequences of two common crop change scenarios for Dane county in Wisconsin, United States, (a) replacing perennial energy crops with annual energy crops and (b) replacing annual energy crops with perennial energy crops. The results suggested that converting areas under grass and alfalfa production that were located on high quality soil and flat slope to corn promoted a net-income and availability of gross biofuel. Additionally, the model outcome proposed that converting areas under corn and soy production that were located on high slope to grass promoted net-energy, phosphorus loading, soil loss, soil carbon sequestration, nitrous oxide emission, grassland bird habitat, pollinator abundance, and biocontrol. Therefore, SmartScape™ can assist strategic crop change policy by comparing the tradeoff among ecosystem services to ensure that crop change policies have outcomes that are agreeable to a diversity of policymakers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-53
Number of pages13
JournalLand Use Policy
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Smart Scape™
  • Policymakers
  • Crop change policy
  • Ecosystem services
  • Bioenergy crops

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