Allograft rejection in cattle with bovine leukocyte adhesion deficiency

Kerstin E. Müller*, Victor P.M.G. Rutten, Christina K. Becker, Aad Hoek, Wilbert E. Bernadina, G. Henk Wentink, Carl G. Figdor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In the present investigation cell-mediated immunity in animals with bovine leukocyte adhesion deficiency (BLAD) was studied by means of skin transplantation experiments. Autograft and allograft behaviour in animals with BLAD was compared with the behaviour of simultaneously transplanted autografts and allografts in healthy controls. Allograft survival time was prolonged in three BLAD cattle (28, 30, and 72 days) compared to six healthy controls (12-14 days). When transplantations were repeated on one animal with BLAD using skin grafts from the same donor, accelerated rejection was observed (allograft survival time decreased from 72 days at primary to 35 days at secondary and to 21 days at tertiary transplantation), suggesting the development of immunological memory. Graft-infiltrating lymphocytes that were obtained from allograft biopsies during the period of rejection, were shown to be from recipient origin (β2-integrin negative). Our findings demonstrate that, although prolonged allograft survival is observed in cattle with BLAD, skin allografts are ultimately rejected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-63
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1995


  • BLAD
  • Cattle
  • LAD
  • LFA-1
  • Transplantation
  • β-Integrins


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