Activity modelling of the solid-liquid equilibrium of deep eutectic solvents

Laura J.B.M. Kollau, Mark Vis*, Adriaan Van Den Bruinhorst, Gijsbertus De With, Remco Tuinier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Compared to conventional solvents used in the chemical industry, deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are considered as promising potentially sustainable solvents. DESs are binary mixtures and the resulting liquid mixture is characterized by a large melting point depression with respect to the melting temperatures of its constituents. The relative melting point depression becomes larger as the two components have stronger attractive interactions, resulting in non-ideal behavior. The compositional range over which such binary mixtures are liquids is set by the location of the solid-liquid phase boundary. Here we present experimental phase diagrams of various recent and new DESs that vary in the degree of non-ideality. We investigate whether thermodynamic models are able to describe the solid-liquid equilibria and focus on relating the parameters of these models to the non-ideal behavior, including asymmetric behavior of the activity coefficients. It is shown that the orthogonal Redlich-Kister-like polynomial (OP) expansion, including an additional first order term, provides an accurate description. This theory can be considered as an extension of regular solution theory and enables physical interpretation of the fit parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1341-1349
Number of pages9
JournalPure and Applied Chemistry
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019


  • deep eutectic solvent
  • eutectic mixture
  • ISSP-18
  • phase behavior
  • solid-liquid coexistence
  • thermodynamic modelling


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