Activity fragmentation, ICT and travel: An exploratory path analysis of spatiotemporal interrelationships

Eran Ben-Elia*, Bayarma Alexander, Christa Hubers, Dick Ettema

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This paper focuses on the interrelationships between ICT, activity fragmentation and travel behaviour. The concept of fragmentation relates to how activities are spatiotemporally reorganized, by subdividing activities into smaller components that are then performed at different times and/or locations, in connection with ICT use. The association between ICT, activity fragmentation and travel relationships remains uncharted. Based on a two-day Dutch communication-activity-travel diary different associations between ICT use, paid work spatiotemporal fragmentation indicators and frequency of travel are specified and tested with Path Analysis Modelling accounting for sociodemographic and land use factors. The results demonstrate that the interrelationships between fragmentation, ICT and travel are quite complex. ICT and fragmentation apparently have a reciprocal relationship with mobile ICT use influencing the degree of spatial fragmentation whereas the usages of sedentary ICT are influenced by the degree of temporal fragmentation. Person-ICT attributes and ICT use mediate the participation in non-work activities, and can replace work and non-work travel. Fragmentation reduces work trips but at the same time restricts non-work personal travel possibilities and can reallocate time for leisure activity and travel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-74
Number of pages19
JournalTransportation research. Part A, policy and practice
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014


  • Activities
  • Fragmentation
  • ICT
  • Paid work
  • Path Analysis
  • Travel behaviour


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