A transdiagnostic comparison of trauma and panic memories in PTSD, panic disorder, and healthy controls

Muriel Hagenaars, Agnes van Minnen, Cees A L Hoogduin, Marc Verbraak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Inadequate processing of trauma information is considered to lead to particularly vivid recollections and disorganized memories of the trauma. Although trauma memories have mainly been investigated in PTSD, memories in other psychiatric disorders may actually share some characteristics. This may particularly be true for patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA) as a first panic attack resembles trauma. To test this hypothesis, PTSD trauma memories (n=59) were compared with PDA panic memories (n=58), and trauma memories of healthy trauma victims (n=135) on self-reported re-experiencing and disorganization. PTSD trauma memories had more re-experiencing elements than memories of the other two groups, although PDA memories had more re-experiencing elements than the controls' trauma memories. Relative to the controls, PTSD and PDA memories were disorganized. Peritraumatic dissociation and current memory-associated dissociation were also high in PTSD and PDA patients compared to the controls. Implications of these results are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-22
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Dissociative Disorders
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interview, Psychological
  • Life Change Events
  • Male
  • Memory
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Panic Disorder
  • Personality Inventory
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Psychometrics
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

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