A practical tool for analyzing socio-technical transitions

Frank J. van Rijnsoever, Jip Leendertse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Understanding socio-technical transitions, let alone managing them, is complicated. This is especially the case for many practitioners, who are commonly not well-versed in the language of transition studies but deal with transition problems on a daily basis. To make the academic knowledge on socio-technical transitions available to practitioners, we introduce the transition model canvas (TMC) as a tool for systematically mapping the key elements, and their interactions, of socio-technical transitions. Based on the business model canvas (BMC) from entrepreneurship and the multi-level perspective (MLP) from transition studies, the TMC is an accessible tool that allows transition practitioners, students, and educators to evaluate and accelerate socio-technical transitions. The proposed canvas also helps further diffuse transition thinking into society and improve the quality of socio-technical policymaking and strategy development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-237
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironmental Innovation and Societal Transitions
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Socio-technical transitions
  • Sustainability transitions
  • Transition policy
  • Transition practice
  • Business model canvas
  • Multi-level perspective


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