A Knowledge Transfer Approach to Map Long-Term Concentrations of Hyperlocal Air Pollution from Short-Term Mobile Measurements

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Mobile measurements are increasingly used to develop spatially explicit (hyperlocal) air quality maps using land-use regression (LUR) models. The prevailing design of mobile monitoring campaigns results in the collection of short-term, on-road air pollution measurements during daytime on weekdays. We hypothesize that LUR models trained with such mobile measurements are not optimized for estimating long-term average residential air pollution concentrations. To bridge the knowledge gaps in space (on-road versus near-road) and time (short- versus long-term), we propose transfer-learning techniques to adapt LUR models by transferring the mobile knowledge into long-term near-road knowledge in an end-to-end manner. We trained two transfer-learning LUR models by incorporating mobile measurements of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ultrafine particles (UFP) collected by Google Street View cars with long-term near-road measurements from regular monitoring networks in Amsterdam. We found that transfer-learning LUR models performed 55.2% better in predicting long-term near-road concentrations than the LUR model trained only with mobile measurements for NO2 and 26.9% for UFP, evaluated by normalized mean absolute errors. This improvement in model accuracy suggests that transfer-learning models provide a solution for narrowing the knowledge gaps and can improve the accuracy of mapping long-term near-road air pollution concentrations using short-term on-road mobile monitoring data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13820–13828
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Volume56
Issue number19
Early online date19 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • mobile monitoring
  • air pollution mapping
  • LUR modeling
  • transfer learning

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