A Europe-wide inventory of citizen-led energy action with data from 29 countries and over 10000 initiatives

August Wierling, Valeria Jana Schwanitz, Jan Zeiss, Constantin von Beck, Heather Jean Arghandeh Paudler, Ingrid Knutsdotter Koren, Tobias Kraudzun, Timothy Marcroft, Lukas Müller, Zacharias Andreadakis, Chiara Candelise, Simon Dufner, Melake Getabecha, Grete Glaase, Wit Hubert, Veronica Lupi, Sona Majidi, Shirin Mohammadi, Negar Safara Nosar, Yann Robiou du PontPhilippa Roots, Tadeusz Józef Rudek, Alessandro Sciullo, Gayatri Sehdev, Mehran Ziaabadi, Nahid Zoubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Numerous case studies show that citizens engage in various ways in renewable and low carbon energy projects, thereby contributing to the sustainable energy transition. To date, however, a systematic and cross-country database on citizen-led initiatives and projects is lacking. By performing a major compilation and reviewing copious data sources from websites to official registries, we provide a Europe-wide inventory with over 10,000 initiatives and 16,000 production units in 29 countries, focusing on the past 20 years. Our data allow cross-country statistical analysis, supporting the elicitation of empirical insights capable of extending beyond the perspective of single case studies. Our data also align with ongoing efforts to implement two EU Directives that aim at strengthening the active role of citizens in the energy transition. While the focus of our data collection is on Europe, the data and methodology can contribute to the global analysis of citizen-led energy action.
Original languageEnglish
Article number9
Number of pages8
Journal Scientific data
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Energy and society
  • energy supply and demand
  • Community energy
  • Renewable energy
  • Power


Dive into the research topics of 'A Europe-wide inventory of citizen-led energy action with data from 29 countries and over 10000 initiatives'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this