A cross-national study on adolescent substance use: Intentions, peer substance use, and parent-adolescent communication

I.N. Defoe*, J.S. Dubas, M.A.G. van Aken

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This longitudinal two-wave cross-national study investigated whether intentions, friends' substance use, and parent-adolescent substance-use specific communication predict adolescent alcohol and cannabis use 1 year later, while estimating reversed links. The temporal order between these two substances was also examined. We used multi-group cross-lagged panel modeling on data from 2 ethnically and socioeconomically diverse samples: Sint Maarten (N = 350; M-age = 14.19) and the Netherlands (N = 602; M-age = 13.50). Results showed that in the Netherlands, cannabis use predicts more subsequent problems (alcohol use, intention to use cannabis, and affiliation with cannabis-using friends). But for Sint Maarten, alcohol use predicts more subsequent problems (cannabis use, intention to use alcohol, and affiliation with alcohol-using friends). These opposing results demonstrate that caution is warranted when generalizing results across countries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-655
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Research on Adolescence
Volume33
Issue number2
Early online dateJan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • cross-national
  • intentions
  • parenting practices
  • peer influences
  • substance use

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