TY - JOUR

T1 - $μ$-Distortions or Running

T2 - A Guaranteed Discovery from CMB Spectrometry

AU - Cabass, Giovanni

AU - Melchiorri, Alessandro

AU - Pajer, Enrico

N1 - 10+2 pages, 8 figures, 2 tables. Matches published version

PY - 2016/2/17

Y1 - 2016/2/17

N2 - We discuss the implications of a PIXIE-like experiment, which would measure $\mu$-type spectral distortions of the CMB at a level of $\sigma_{\mu}=(1/n)\times 10^{-8}$, with $n\geq1$ representing an improved sensitivity (e.g. $n=10$ corresponds to PRISM). Using Planck data and considering the six-parameter $\Lambda$CDM model, we compute the posterior for $\mu_8\equiv\mu\times 10^{8}$ and find $\mu_8=1.57^{+0.11}_{-0.13}$ ($68\%\,\mathrm{CL}$). This becomes $\mu_{8} = 1.28^{+0.30}_{-0.52}$ ($68\%\,\mathrm{CL}$) when the running $\alpha_\mathrm{s}$ of the spectral index is included. We point out that a sensitivity of about $3\times$ PIXIE implies a guaranteed discovery: $\mu$-distortion is detected or $\alpha_\mathrm{s}\geq 0$ is excluded (both at $95\%\,\mathrm{CL}$ or higher). This threshold sensitivity sets a clear benchmark for CMB spectrometry. For a combined analysis of PIXIE and current Planck data, we discuss the improvement on measurements of the tilt $n_\mathrm{s}$ and the running $\alpha_\mathrm{s}$ and the dependence on the choice of the pivot. A fiducial running of $\alpha_\mathrm{s}=-0.01$ (close to the Planck best-fit) leads to a detection of negative running at $2\sigma$ for $5\times$ PIXIE. A fiducial running of $\alpha_\mathrm{s}=-0.02$, still compatible with Planck, requires $3\times$ PIXIE to rule out $\alpha_\mathrm{s} = 0$ (at $95\%\,\mathrm{CL}$). We propose a convenient and compact visualization of the improving constraints on the tilt, running and tensor-to-scalar ratio.

AB - We discuss the implications of a PIXIE-like experiment, which would measure $\mu$-type spectral distortions of the CMB at a level of $\sigma_{\mu}=(1/n)\times 10^{-8}$, with $n\geq1$ representing an improved sensitivity (e.g. $n=10$ corresponds to PRISM). Using Planck data and considering the six-parameter $\Lambda$CDM model, we compute the posterior for $\mu_8\equiv\mu\times 10^{8}$ and find $\mu_8=1.57^{+0.11}_{-0.13}$ ($68\%\,\mathrm{CL}$). This becomes $\mu_{8} = 1.28^{+0.30}_{-0.52}$ ($68\%\,\mathrm{CL}$) when the running $\alpha_\mathrm{s}$ of the spectral index is included. We point out that a sensitivity of about $3\times$ PIXIE implies a guaranteed discovery: $\mu$-distortion is detected or $\alpha_\mathrm{s}\geq 0$ is excluded (both at $95\%\,\mathrm{CL}$ or higher). This threshold sensitivity sets a clear benchmark for CMB spectrometry. For a combined analysis of PIXIE and current Planck data, we discuss the improvement on measurements of the tilt $n_\mathrm{s}$ and the running $\alpha_\mathrm{s}$ and the dependence on the choice of the pivot. A fiducial running of $\alpha_\mathrm{s}=-0.01$ (close to the Planck best-fit) leads to a detection of negative running at $2\sigma$ for $5\times$ PIXIE. A fiducial running of $\alpha_\mathrm{s}=-0.02$, still compatible with Planck, requires $3\times$ PIXIE to rule out $\alpha_\mathrm{s} = 0$ (at $95\%\,\mathrm{CL}$). We propose a convenient and compact visualization of the improving constraints on the tilt, running and tensor-to-scalar ratio.

KW - astro-ph.CO

KW - hep-ph

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.93.083515

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.93.083515

M3 - Article

SN - 0556-2821

VL - 93

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - Physical review D: Particles and fields

JF - Physical review D: Particles and fields

M1 - 083515

ER -